Hill Starts Car Tutorial
Hill starts during a driving test depend largely on where your driving test centre is located. You can be reasonably sure however, that if there is a road and a hill near your test centre, you will be doing a hill start.
This tutorial will explain how to do a hill start, a downhill start, what the examiner is looking for during a hill start, frequent mistakes made by learners during a driving test and how to recover from a mistake and still pass the driving test. We’ll also explain whether you can fail the rest for rolling back. The majority of this tutorial is for hill starts in a manual although hill starts in an automatic is also explained.
Parking on a hill
It’s common for the examiner to ask a learner to park up on the left on a hill during a driving test.
Follow the tutorials for stopping a car and kerbside parking for the correct methods to parking up. When you have parked and stopped on a hill however, ensure you keep your foot brake firmly applied until you have applied the handbrake. It sounds obvious but many learners tend to release the foot brake once they have stopped. On a hill, this will result in rolling backwards if the handbrake isn’t applied.
Another note on parking on a hill is that you may need to apply the handbrake a little firmer than usual. Once you have parked and applied the handbrake, if you hear a creaking sound, this can be a signal that the car may roll backwards slightly, so apply the foot brake and pull the handbrake up another notch.
How to do hill starts
When you have parked up on the left (or the right for the pulling up on the right manoeuvre), applied the handbrake and selected neutral, the examiner will then tell you to move off again when you are ready.
Select 1st gear and slightly press the accelerator. The usual amount of accelerator or ‘gas’ needed is around 1500 rpm on the rev counter. You will need slightly more than this for hill starts, around 2000 rpm should do. You can find more details on this technique in the how to stop stalling a car tutorial.
Although many learner drivers use the clutch bite point when generally moving off to help prevent stalling, it’s not often necessary. For a hill start however, it is essential to prevent rolling backwards. After you have set the gas to 2000 rpm, find the clutch bite point.
You will now need to look into your left blind spot, through all mirrors (don’t forget to also look ahead) and finish with the right blind spot. You need to check all mirrors and both blind spots to ensure a pedestrian is not directly crossing behind your vehicle as on a hill start there is a risk of your car rolling back. Now decide if you need to signal to the right before moving off or not. See moving off tutorial for further information on mirror checks and indicating when moving off. Also information on the blind spot.
When you do move the car off, depending on how steep the hill is, your car will have to work much harder to gain momentum. You may need to release the clutch from the bite point area slower than usual to prevent stalling, plus you may need to keep the car in lower gears (1st, 2nd etc.) for longer than usual due to the engine needing to work harder to climb the hill.
Moving Off From the Right
The driving test now involves the pulling up on the right manoeuvre. If you are moving off from the right-hand side of the road on a hill, use the same technique as though you are moving off from the left. The difference however are observation checks; in this instance start from the right blind spot, through all mirrors and finish with the left blind spot. It may also be necessary to indicate to the left.
Can You Fail the Driving Test for Rolling Back?
A common question for many learner drivers is can I fail for rolling back? The answer is yes, you can fail the driving test for rolling back, but it’s not a certain failure as it depends on:
- how quickly you gain control of the car
- whether rolling back affected a pedestrian or other road user
- safety observations
Rolling backwards in your car is essentially a loss of control, so the primary objective is to regain that control as quickly as possible. Take too long or get flustered and hit the wrong controls, it might fail the test. Here you have two options, you can raise the clutch pedal back to the bite point to prevent the car rolling back further, or if you lack confidence in your clutch control, then simply fully depress the clutch and apply the foot brake.
Impact on others
If the actions of rolling back have impacted on other road users or pedestrians, which resulted in them having to change speed or direction, it is highly likely going to result in a test failure.
If you do roll back and there’s a delay in you moving off (likely if you need to find the clutch bite point again), it’s essential that before doing so, you run through the safety observations once again. Rolling back induces stress and possibly mild panic, this can result in the test candidate forgetting to check mirrors and blind spots before moving off again which may fail your test.
How to do downhill starts
The emphasis for many learner drivers is often moving off uphill. During the practical driving test, the examiner will also be assessing your ability to move off downhill safely and under full control
During the driving test, as with parking uphill, ensure you keep the foot brake firmly pressed until the handbrake is applied. And again, ensure the handbrake is firmly applied to ensure the car does not roll forwards.
You will need to perform the Mirror Signal Manoeuvre routine as above before moving off from a stationary position. As you are moving off downhill however, you do not need to be concerned with any pedestrians behind your car as there is no chance of you rolling backwards.
For a downhill start, select 1st gear unless the slope is very steep then 2nd gear may be appropriate. Keep the foot brake firmly pressed and after the safety checks, if it is safe to move off, release the handbrake followed by releasing the foot brake. The car will immediately start to roll forwards due to gravity. Gently raise the clutch all the way up. You do not need to be concerned with the clutch bite point or the car stalling as momentum will prevent the car from stalling.
Due to gravity helping the car gain speed and momentum faster, you may need to change through the gears faster than with an uphill start. As you are moving downhill, the car will gain speed much faster than usual, so be careful with how much gas you apply and be ready to gently use the foot brake is the car speeds up too quickly.
Hill starts in automatic car
One of the benefits of an automatic car is that they do not stall. Hill starts in an automatic car are significantly easier than in a manual. When performing a hill start in an automatic car, ensure the handbrake is applied in the same way you would apply the handbrake in a manual car. Put the car into drive and perform all the safety observation checks if moving off from a parked position. If all clear, release the handbrake and simultaneously press the accelerator.
On slight uphill gradients, an automatic car will not roll backwards when the handbrake has been released. On steeper hills however, an automatic can roll back unless your vehicle is fitted with Hill Start Assistant technology. For this reason it is important to apply the accelerator simultaneously as you release the handbrake to prevent rolling backwards.
The tutorials below are likely to help learning to drive and hill starts.
- How to stop stalling a car
- Clutch control
- Clutch bite point
- Moving a car off
- Driving blind spot
- Mirror Signal Manoeuvre